Beer is a food product and, being such, subject to multiple legislative controls. In this section we try to show, as simply as possible, the basic legal framework surrounding our product and covers from its manufacturing until it is put on the shelf.
Regulation for beer containers
For greater preciseness, we have divided this framework in the following sections:
Beer containers are subject to the following standards:
- Effective content: Royal Decree 1801/2008, of November 3 (BOE # 266/2008).
- Characteristics of bottles as standard containers: Royal Decree 703/1988, of July 1 (BOE # 172/1988).
- Upon being converted into waste: Law: 11/1997, of April 24, of Containers and Container Waste (BOE # 99/1997) and its regulation -Royal Decree 782/1998, of April 30 (BOE # 104/1998).
Cerveceros de España is one of the founding members of the Integrated Waste System ECOVIDRIO and currently holds the Presidency. Having already completed the three Sectorial Plans of Container Waste Prevention which covered the period of 1997 - 2007, it is currently in the horizon towards 2010.
Sectoral plan for prevention 2008-2010 in Spanish only
Follow-up PEP 2015 in Spanish only
Environmental Standard (IPPC)
The beer industry is subject to the compliance of Law 16/2002, of July 1, for integrated pollution prevention and control (BOE # 157, of July 2, 2002), which coordinates a procedure for integrated environmental permission of the industrial installations subject to this law, where the maximum authorized emission limits in function of the best techniques available in each case must be stated. As a reference concerning the best techniques available by sector, documents called BREF have been created in the IPTS (Institute of Prospective Technologies) of Seville.
Taking the foodstuffs BREF as a basis, Cerveceros de Espaņa, in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment, has published a Guidance document on Best Available Techniques in the Spanish Brewing Industry. This Guidance document has been designed as a practical and useful tool that includes all the available information which may assist the competent authorities in their task to assess and issue the integrated environmental permissions.
Access to the Guidance document in Spanish only
On a communitarian scale, The Brewer of Europe has reached a consensus on a guide for the application of the best techniques facilitated to the IPTS, as part of the BREF document that is being created for the entire European food and agriculture industry.
Access to The Brewers of Europe guide
Regulation regarding safety and hygiene
EU Regulation # 178/2002, of the European Parliament and Council, from January 28, 2002, which is directly applicable without having to transpose it to our national standard, establishes the general principles and requirements of food legislation, creates the European Authority of food Safety and sets the procedures relating to food safety (Official Record of European Communities L 31, of February 1, 2002).
This Regulation is based on two extraordinarily important pillars: risk analysis and traceability.
EU Regulation # 852/2004, of the European Parliament and Council, from April 29, 2004, on the hygiene of foodstuffs, is also applicable as from January 1, 2006.
In October 1996, Cerveceros de Espaņa presented its manual for the Application of the system of Risk Analysis and Control of Critical Points in the Spanish Brewing Sector (Plan for Analysis of Hazards and Points of Critical Control, according to the most recent terminology), with the approval of the Department of Health and Consumption. The Brewers of Europe have recently approved a document about managing food safety in the European brewing industry through the application of HAPPC principles, which, together with the entry into force of Regulation 852/2004, have lead Cerveceros de Espaņa to issue a new guidance document on the application of the system of Hazard Analysis and Points of Critical Control in the Spanish brewing industry.
Access to the HAPPCC Guidance document for the Spanish Brewing Industry (in Spanish)
In order to apply traceability according to the new legislation and significavely improve efficiency from the supply chain, Cerveceros de Espaņa members are requesting their suppliers to use certain EAN codes when labeling their products, according to the conditions explained in the guide which can be accessed from here.
Access to the guide for brewing industry suppliers (in Spanish)